Northwest Africa 4819 (NWA 4819)
Achondrite (lunar, feldspathic breccia)
History and physical characteristics: A single 234 g crusted stone was purchased in Rissani, Morocco in 2007. The crust is fresh, dark gray to black crusted areas and vermillion to light brown in abraded to weathered areas, some areas show melt bubbles and flow. A network of thin fractures is filled with weathering products.
Petrography (T. Bunch and J. Wittke, NAU; A. Irving, UWS): This stone is very dark, well indurated, and is fine-grained with few clasts that exceed one mm in diameter. No evidence of flow orientation was observed. NWA 4819 is a regolith breccia and has two unusual characteristics for a lunar sample: (1) a relatively large amount of homogeneously distributed fine-grained metallic nickel-iron (2 wt. %) and troilite (1.5 wt. %) and (2) a large population of pyroxene fragments. Most lithic clasts follow the ferroan anorthositic trend and include anorthosites, fine-grained anorthositic norites, gabbros, and troctolites, in addition to shock melt clast. K-rich glass, and spherules. No intact basaltic clasts were observed and all clasts are crushed to some extent.
Mineral compositions and geochemistry: Host orthopyroxene (Fs48.9 – 67.5Wo2.2 – 4.3; FeO/MnO = 56), exsolution lamellae (Fs24.4 – 41.4Wo12.3 – 32.9; FeO/MnO = 60). Anorthositic norite: orthopyroxene (Fs35.4Wo4.3) and plagioclase (An96.5). Anorthositic troctolite olivine (Fa28.1; FeO/ MnO = 105), pigeonite (Fs26.9Wo5.9; FeO/MnO = 54), plagioclase (An97) and chromite (cr# = 80). Kamacite (mean Ni = 6.2, Co = 0.77 (both wt%) and taenite (Ni – 8.2 – 23.6 wt%).
Bulk composition (R. Korotev, WUSL): FeO = 7.0%, Ni = 290 ppm, Sm = 3.4 ppm, Th = 1.5 ppm, Ir = 12 ppb.
Classification: Achondrite (lunar, feldspathic breccia).
Type specimen: A total of 20.3 g is on deposit at NAU. The main mass holder is anonymous.
NWA 4819 is more mafic (richer in iron and magnesium) than most feldspathic regolith breccias that do not contain mare basalt.
Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Korotev R. L. and Irving A. J. (2021) Lunar meteorites from northern Africa. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 206–240.
Korotev R. L., Irving A. J., and Bunch T. E. (2008) Keeping up with the lunar meteorites – 2008. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIX, abstract no. 1209.
Korotev R. L, Zeigler R. A., Jolliff B. L., Irving A. J., and Bunch T. E. (2009) Compositional and lithological diversity among brecciated lunar meteorites of intermediate iron composition. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 44, 1287-1322.