Articles available for download as .pdf files; you may need Adobe Acrobat Reader.

Please be advised that to download materials from this site you must agree to the following:  The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted materials. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction is not to be “used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship, or research.” If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of “fair use,” that user may be liable for copyright infringement.

Key Overview Publications
Braver TS, Kizhner A, Tang R, Freund MC, Etzel JA. The Dual Mechanisms of Cognitive Control Project. J Cogn Neurosci. 2021 Aug 12:1-26. doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_01768. Online ahead of print. PMID: 34407191 
Etzel JA, Brough RE, Freund MC, Kizhner A, Lin Y, Singh MF, Tang R, Tay A, Wang A, Braver TS. The Dual Mechanisms of Cognitive Control dataset: A theoretically-guided within-subject task fMRI battery.

Research Publications


Braver TS, Kizhner A, Tang R, Freund MC, Etzel JA. The Dual Mechanisms of Cognitive Control Project. J Cogn Neurosci. 2021 Aug 12:1-26. doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_01768. Online ahead of print.PMID: 34407191

Freund MC, Bugg JM, Braver TS. A Representational Similarity Analysis of Cognitive Control during Color-Word Stroop.J Neurosci. 2021 Sep 1;41(35):7388-7402. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2956-20.2021. Epub 2021 Jun 23.PMID: 34162756

Tang R, Etzel JA, Kizhner A, Braver TS. Frontoparietal pattern similarity analyses of cognitive control in monozygotic twins. Neuroimage. 2021 Jul 20;241:118415. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2021.118415. Online ahead of print.PMID: 34298081

Freund MC, Etzel JA, Braver TS. Neural Coding of Cognitive Control: The Representational Similarity Analysis Approach. Trends Cogn Sci. 2021 Jul;25(7):622-638. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2021.03.011. Epub 2021 Apr 21.PMID: 33895065 Review.


Etzel JA, Courtney Y, Carey CE, Gehred MZ, Agrawal A, Braver TS. Pattern Similarity Analyses of FrontoParietal Task Coding: Individual Variation and Genetic Influences. Cereb Cortex. 2020 Feb 21. pii: bhz301. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhz301. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 32086524

Singh MF, Braver TS, Cole MW, Ching S. Estimation and validation of individualized dynamic brain models with resting state fMRI. Neuroimage. 2020 Jun 27;221:117046. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.117046. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32603858

Singh MF, Wang A, Braver TS, Ching S. Scalable surrogate deconvolution for identification of partially-observable systems and brain modeling. J Neural Eng. 2020 Aug 11;17(4):046025. doi: 10.1088/1741-2552/aba07d. PMID: 32590377 (Abstract)

Tang R. and Braver T. S.  Predicting Individual Preferences in Mindfulness Techniques Using Personality Traits. Frontiers in Psychology (2020)  11:1163. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01163

Tang R. and Braver T. S.  Towards an Individual Differences Perspective in Mindfulness Training Research: Theoretical and Empirical Considerations. Frontiers in Psychology (2020) 11. DOI=10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00818

Tang R, Broderick PC, Bono T, Dvoráková K, Braver TS (2020) A College First-Year Mindfulness Seminar to Enhance Psychological Well-Being and Cognitive Function. Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice. DOI: 10.1080/19496591.2020.1740719 


Cooper SR, Jackson JJ, Barch DM, Braver TS. Neuroimaging of individual differences: A latent variable modeling perspective.   Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2019 Jan 3;98:29-46. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2018.12.022. [Epub ahead of print] Review. PMID: 30611798


Singh MF, Braver TS, Ching S. Geometric classification of brain network dynamics via conic derivative discriminants. J Neurosci Methods. 2018 Oct 1;308:88-105. doi: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2018.06.019. Epub 2018 Jun 30. PMID: 29966600 PMCID: PMC6417100

Yee DM, Braver TS. Interactions of motivation and cognitive control. Curr Opin Behav Sci. 2018 Feb;19:83-90. doi: 10.1016/j.cobeha.2017.11.009. Epub 2017 Nov 24. PMID: 30035206 PMCID: PMC6051692


Cole MW, Patrick LM, Meiran N, Braver TS. A role for proactive control in rapid instructed task learning. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2017 Jun 23. pii: S0001-6918(16)30375-4.  [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 28651787.

Cooper SR, Gonthier C, Barch DM, Braver TS. The Role of Psychometrics in Individual Differences Research in Cognition: A Case Study of the AX-CPT. Front Psychol. 2017 Sep 4;8:1482. PMCID: PMC5591582 

Chiew, K.S. and Braver, T.S. “Context Processing and Cognitive Control” pp 143-166 in The Wiley Handbook of Cognitive Control, First Edition. Egner, T. (Ed.) 2017 John Wiley and Sons Ltd. (request copy)


Gonthier, C, MacNamara, BN, Chow, M, Conway, ARA, Braver, TS. (2016) Inducing cognitive control shifts in the AX-CPT. Frontiers in Psychology. 2016; 7: 1822. PMCID: PMC5118587. [pdf file]  (Data link)

Gonthier C, Braver TS, Bugg JM. Dissociating proactive and reactive control in the Stroop task. Mem Cognit. 2016. Mem Cognit. 2016; 44: 778–788 PubMed PMCID: PMC4942492. [pdf file]

Bugg JM, Braver TS. Proactive control of irrelevant task rules during cued task switching. Psychological Research (2016) 80:860–876.  PubMed PMC4731324.9. 

Cole MW, Ito T, Braver TS. The Behavioral Relevance of Task Information in Human Prefrontal Cortex. Cereb Cortex. 2016 Jun;26(6):2497-505. PMCID: PMC4869805


Richmond LL, Redick TS, Braver TS. Remembering to prepare: The benefits (and costs) of high working memory capacity. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 2015 Nov;41(6):1764-77. PMCID: PMC4603991.

Etzel JA, Cole MW, Zacks JM, Kay KN, Braver TS. Reward Motivation Enhances Task Coding in Frontoparietal Cortex. Cereb Cortex. Cereb Cortex. 2015 Jan 19. pii: bhu327. [Epub ahead of print] PMCID: PMC4785950.


Chiew KS, Braver TS. Dissociable influences of reward motivation and positive emotion on cognitive control. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci. 2014 Jun;14(2):509-29. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4072919.

Macnamara, B. N. & Conway, A. R. A. (2014). Novel evidence in support of the bilingual advantage: Influence of task demands and experience on cognitive control and working memory. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 21(2), 520-25.

Chow, M., & Conway, A. R. A. (2015). The scope and control of attention: Sources of variance in working memory capacity. Memory & Cognition, 43, 325-339. (pdf file)


Etzel JA, Zacks JM, Braver TS. Searchlight analysis: promise, pitfalls, and potential. Neuroimage. 2013 Sep;78:261-9. PubMed PMID: 23558106; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3988828.

Jimura K, Chushak MS, Braver TS. Impulsivity and self-control during intertemporal decision making linked to the neural dynamics of reward value representation. J Neurosci. 2013 Jan 2;33(1):344-57. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3711626.

Conway, A. R. A., & Kovacs, K. (2013). Individual differences in intelligence and working memory: A review of latent variable models. Psychology of Learning and Motivation, 58, 233-70.


Braver TS. The variable nature of cognitive control: a dual mechanisms framework. Trends Cogn Sci. 2012 Feb;16(2):106-13.PubMed PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3289517.

Cole MW, Reynolds JR, Power JD, Repovs G, Anticevic A, Braver TS. Multi-task connectivity reveals flexible hubs for adaptive task control. Nat Neurosci. 2013 Sep;16(9):1348-55. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3758404.

Chiew KS, Braver TS. Temporal dynamics of motivation-cognitive control interactions revealed by high-resolution pupillometry.Front Psychol. 2013 Jan 29;4:15. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3557699.

Bugg JM. Evidence for the sparing of reactive cognitive control with age. Psychol Aging. 2014 Mar;29(1):115-27. doi: 10.1037/a0035270. Epub 2013 Dec 30.

Book Chapter: Meiran N, Cole MW, Braver TS. Acting Intentionally and Its Limits: Individuals, Groups, Institutions . Seebass G, Gollwitzer PM, Schmitz M, editors. Boston, MA and Berlin, Germany: Walter de Gruyter; 2013. When Planning Results in Loss of Control: Intention-Based Reflexivity and Proactive Control; p.263-290. 316p. (request copy)


Burgess GC, Gray JR, Conway AR, Braver TS. Neural mechanisms of interference control underlie the relationship between fluid intelligence and working memory span. J Exp Psychol Gen. 2011 Nov;140(4):674-92. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3930174.

Bugg JM, McDaniel MA, Scullin MK, Braver TS. Revealing list-level control in the Stroop task by uncovering its benefits and a cost.J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2011 Oct;37(5):1595-606. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3609544.

Chiew KS, Braver TS. Positive affect versus reward: emotional and motivational influences on cognitive control. Front Psychol. 2011 Oct 19;2:279. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00279. eCollection 2011. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3196882.