Under Review

Liu, F. F., McRee, E., Coifman, J., Yu, C.-l., Reyes, R., Stone, J., Lai, C. K., & Lyon, A. (under review). School mental health professionals’ stereotype knowledge and implicit bias toward Black and Latinx youth.

Hudson, S. T. J., Kurdi, B., Lai, C. K., Johnson J., & Banaji, M. R. (under review). Implicit attitudes toward [n***er] and [n***a]: Three studies in samples of those who avoid or reappropriate usage.

Ekstrom, P. D., Le Forestier, J. M., & Lai, C. K. (under review). Racial disparities in police traffic stops are associated with county-level racial attitudes.

Rae, J. R.*, Reimer, N. K.*, Calanchini, J., Lai, C. K., Rivers, A. M., Dasgupta, N., Hewstone, M., & Schmid, K. (under review). Intergroup contact and implicit racial attitudes: Contact is related to less activation of biased evaluations but is unrelated to bias inhibition. Download | Supplement
* Co-lead authors.

Ratliff, K. A., Lofaro, N., Howell, J. L., Conway, M. A., Lai, C. K., O’Shea, B. A., Smith, C. T., Jiang, C., Redford, E., Pogge, G., Umansky, E., Vitiello, C., & Zitelny, H. (under review). Documenting bias from 2007-2015: Pervasiveness and correlates of implicit attitudes and stereotypes II. Download

Ekstrom, P. D., & Lai, C. K. (under review). A good person shouldn’t feel this way: Moralized attitudes, identity, and self-esteem.


Greenwald. A. G., Brendl, M., Cai, H., Cvencek, D., Dovidio, J., F., Hahn, A., Hehman, E., Hofmann, W., Hughes, S., Hussey, I., Jordan, C., Kirby, T. A., Lai, C. K., Lang, J. W. B., Lindgren, K. P., Maison, D., Ostafin, B. D., Rae, J. R., Ratliff, K. A., Smith, C. T., Spruyt, A., & Wiers, R. W. (in press). Best research practices for using the Implicit Association Test. Behavioral Research Methods. Download (pre-peer review copy)

Le Forestier, J. M., Page-Gould, E., Lai, C. K., & Chasteen, A. L. (in press). Subjective identity concealability and the consequences of fearing identity-based judgment. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin. Download | Supplement

Röhner, J., & Lai, C. K. (in press). A diffusion model approach for understanding the impact of 17 interventions on the race Implicit Association Test. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. Download | Supplement

Calanchini, J., Lai, C. K., & Klauer, K. C. (in press). Reducing implicit racial preferences: III. A process-level examination of changes in implicit preferences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Download | Supplement

Ekstrom, P. D., & Lai, C. K. (2021). The selective communication of political information. Social Psychological & Personality Science, 12, 789-800.  Download | Supplement

Lai, C. K., & Wilson, M. E. (2021). Measuring implicit intergroup biases. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 15, e12573. Download | Supplement | Teaching & learning guide

Lai, C. K., & Banaji, M.R. (2020). The psychology of implicit intergroup bias and the prospect of change. In D. Allen & R. Somanathan (Eds.), Difference without domination: Pursuing justice in diverse democracies. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Download

Le Forestier, J. M., Page-Gould, E., Lai, C. K., & Chasteen, A. L. (2020). Concealability beliefs facilitate navigating intergroup contexts. European Journal of Social Psychology, 50, 1210-1226. Download | Supplement

Lai, C. K. (2020). Confronting bias. Science, 368, 1435. Download

Lai, C. K. (2020). Ordinary claims require ordinary evidence: A lack of direct support for equalitarian bias in the social sciences. Psychological Inquiry, 31, 42-47. Download

Greenwald, A. G., & Lai, C. K. (2020). Implicit social cognition. Annual Review of Psychology, 20, 419-445. Download | Supplement

Uhlmann, E. L., Chartier, C. R., Ebersole, C. R., Errington, T. M., Kidwell, M., Lai, C. K., … Nosek, B. A. (2019). Scientific Utopia: III. Crowdsourcing science. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 14, 711-733. Download | Supplement

Forscher, P. S.*, Lai, C. K.*, Axt, J. R., Ebersole, C. R., Herman, M., Devine, P. G., & Nosek, B. A. (2019). A meta-analysis of procedures to change implicit measures. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 117, 522-559. Download | Supplement
* Co-lead-authors

Salles, A., Awad, M., Milam, L., Krus, K., Lee, V., Schwabe, M., & Lai, C. K. (2019). Estimating implicit and explicit gender bias among healthcare professionals and surgeons. JAMA Network Open, 2:e196545. Download

Axt, J. R., & Lai, C. K. (2019). Reducing discrimination: A bias versus noise perspective. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 117, 26-49. Download | Supplement

Brick, C., & Lai, C. K. (2018). Explicit (but not implicit) environmentalist identity predicts pro-environmental action. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 58, 8-17. Download | Supplement

Lai, C. K., Skinner, A. L., Cooley, E., Murrar, S., Brauer, M., Devos, T., Calanchini, J., Xiao, Y. J., Pedram, C., Marshburn, C. K., Simon, S., Blanchar, J. C., Joy-Gaba, J. A., Conway, J., Redford, L., Klein, R. A., Roussos, G., Schellhaas, F. M. H., Burns, M., Hu, X., McLean, M. C., Axt, J. R., Asgari, S., Schmidt, K., Rubinstein, R., Marini, M., Rubichi, S., Shin, J. L., & Nosek, B. A. (2016). Reducing implicit racial preferences: II. Intervention effectiveness across time.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 145, 1001-1016. Download | Supplement

Anderson, C. J., Bahník, Š., Barnett-Cowan, M., Bosco, F. A., Chandler, J., Chartier, C. R., Cheung, F., Christopherson, C. D., Cordes, A., Cremata, E. J., Della Penna, N., Estel, V., Fedor, A., Fitneva, S. A., Frank, M. C., Grange, J. A., Hartshorne, J. K., Hasselman, F., Henninger, F., Jonas, K. J., Lai, C. K., Levitan, C. A., Miller, J. K., Moore, K. S., Meixner, J. M., Munafò, M. R., Neijenhuijs, K. I., Nilsonne, G., Nosek, B. A., Plessow, F., Prenoveau, J. M., Ricker, A. A., Schmidt, K., Spies, J. R., Stieger, S., Strohminger, N., Sullivan, G. B., van Aert, R. C. M., van Assen, M. A. L. M., van der Hulst, M., Vanpaemel, W., Vianello, M., Voracek, M., & Zuni, K. (2016). Response to comment on “Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science”. Science, 351 (6277), 1037. Download

Open Science Collaboration. (2015). Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science. Science, 349 (6251). Download | Supplement

Eggleston, C. M., Lai, C. K., & Gilbert, E. A. (2014). Contribution to Alogna et al. (2014). Registered replication report: Schooler & Englster-Schooler (1990). Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9, 556-578. Download | Supplement

Calanchini, J., Sherman, J. W., Klauer, K. C., & Lai, C. K. (2014). Attitudinal and non-attitudinal components of IAT performance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40, 1285-1296. Download

Lai, C. K., Marini, M., Lehr, S. A., Cerruti, C., Shin, J. L., Joy-Gaba, J. A., Ho, A. K., Teachman, B. A., Wojcik, S. P., Koleva, S. P., Frazier, R. S., Heiphetz, L., Chen, E., Turner, R. N., Haidt, J., Kesebir, S., Hawkins, C. B., Schaefer, H. S., Rubichi, S., Sartori, G., Dial, C. M., Sriram, N., Banaji, M. R., & Nosek, B. A. (2014). Reducing implicit racial preferences: I. A comparative investigation of 17 interventions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143, 1765-1785. Download | Supplement

Open Science Collaboration. (2014). The Reproducibility Project: A model of large-scale collaboration for empirical research on reproducibility. In V. Stodden, F. Leisch, & R. Peng (Eds.), Implementing Reproducible Computational Research (A Volume in The R Series).  New York, NY: Taylor & Francis. Download

Lai, C. K., Haidt, J., & Nosek, B. A. (2014). Moral elevation reduces prejudice against gay men. Cognition and Emotion, 28, 781-794. Download | Supplement

Lai, C. K., Hoffman, K. M., & Nosek, B. A. (2013). Reducing implicit prejudice. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7, 315-330. Download

Open Science Collaboration. (2012). An open, large-scale, collaborative effort to estimate the reproducibility of psychological science. Perspectives on Psychological Science,7, 657-660. Download